The Apple Pollination Guideline

Garden Guidelines

Apple Pollination

Most apples are not self-fertile and in order to produce the best fruit results, the second tree of a different variety should be planted to optimize pollination. An apple variety can be optimally pollinated by any other variety that has a similar bloom time: in the same column or in an adjacent column on the chart. Crabapples may also pollinate apples as long as their bloom times overlap.

APPLE POLLINATION CHART
EARLYEARLY – MIDMID – LATELATE
Gravenstein (T)CortlandBraeburnNorthern Spy
Spartan (S)EmpireFujiRoxbury Russet
LibertyGranny Smith (S)
Honeygold
Honeycrisp
Jonagold (T)
Macoun
Northpole
Red Delicious
Winesap (T)
Yellow Delicious

Varieties marked with a (T) are triploid and therefore sterile. They must be pollinated by a variety that is not sterile and they can not pollinate another variety. When planting a sterile variety, it is best to plant a self-fertile variety for pollination. An (S) next to a variety indicates that it is partially self-fertile and will often produce some fruit on its own. The second variety of apples will enhance fruit production.

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